Early Beginnings Of Modern-day Jehovah's Witnesses Eighteen years old Charles Taze Russell and his father were co-owners of men's clothing stores in what is now Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A. Charles Taze Russell attended a Second Adventist Bible meeting in Pittsburgh and heard preaching on the subject "the second coming of Jesus Christ." Charles Taze Russell was not convinced that the Second Adventists were right. Charles Taze Russell began to study the Bible on his own. He gathered together several associates to study with him, beginning about 1870 - 1872. This was the beginning of preparations for the second presence of Jesus Christ. This was the beginning of the kingdom harvest that was to come. This was the beginning of the modern-day organization of Jehovah's Witnesses. In 1874, this group published "The Object And Manner of the Lord's Return" to debunk the theory of the earth's being destroyed by fire at Christ's second coming, and to point out that the second coming of Jesus Christ would be invisible, as the Apostles had long before known. In 1877, this group published the book "Three Worlds" identifying the date 1914 as the end of "Gentile times." In July 1879 the Watchtower magazine was first published and has been published continuously to this day. In 1879, the Watchtower magazine published chronological proof that the end of the "Gentile times" would come 35 years later in A.D. 1914. In 1884, the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania was established and its subsidiary the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York was established in 1909. [ Note: Watch Tower in Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania is two words, and Watchtower in Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York is one word ].